I-CAST Multimedia

Temple University, Japan Campus presents “I-CAST,” a multi-media portal for conversations on contemporary Japanese social and political issues, with authorities who share their expertise in an informal, interactive format. Through an open dialogue, the series will mark the unprecedented changes Japan is experiencing as it positions itself in an increasingly globalized marketplace of ideas.

Episodes may be found on the TUJ Youtube channel, or on the ICAS Soundcloud here. Selected transcripts may be downloaded here.

Episode 1: Stéphane Dujarric on the Role of the U.N. Today

Stéphane Dujarric is Spokesperson for the United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres. In the inaugural episode of the I-CAST podcast, Stéphane Dujarric and Kyle Cleveland discuss how the U.N. is able to project its values in consideration of diverse political interests in the midst of the global pandemic.

Guest:
Stéphane Dujarric
is the Spokesman for the United Nations Secretary-General Mr. António Guterres, and previously served as Spokesman for United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan from 2005 to 2006 and then Deputy Communications Director for Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon from 2006 to 2007. For the U.N. he served as Director of News and Media for the United Nations Department of Global Communications, and as Director of Communications for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Prior to joining the United Nations, Dujarric worked for ABC News television for close to ten years in various capacities in the network’s New York City, London and Paris news bureaus. He is a graduate of Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service and an alumnus of the CPD Summer Institute in Public Diplomacy (class of 2009).

Episode 2: Robert Dujarric on Japanese Nationalism in a Comparative Context

ICAS Co-Director Robert Dujarric discusses Japanese conservatism in the context of the rise of nationalist politics around the world, touching on the history of Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party and the ideology of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.

Guest:
Robert Dujarric
is the Co-Director of Temple University Japan’s Institute of Contemporary Asian Studies. Before coming to TUJ, he was a Council on Foreign Relations (Hitachi) International Affairs Fellow, after having spent a decade in Washington, D.C. as a researcher and before that as a banker in London and New York. For more info, please see here.

Episode 3: Japan’s Pandemic Politics with Jeff Kingston and Azby Brown

TUJ Director of Asian Studies Jeff Kingston and Azby Brown, lead researcher for the citizen-science group “Safecast,” discuss the politics of Japan’s early phase COVID-19 response and draw comparisons to the Fukushima Nuclear Crisis.

Guests:
Jeff Kingston
is a historian and Director of Asian Studies at Temple University Japan Campus. The author of books on Japanese politics, press freedom, Asian nationalism and religion, he is a frequent media commentator, and is a senior editor of The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus.

Azby Brown is the lead researcher for Safecast, a citizen-science organization devoted to developing new technology platforms for environmental monitoring, which has conducted internationally recognized research on the Fukushima nuclear crisis. A graduate of Yale University, he is a leading authority on Japanese architecture, design, and environmentalism, and was founder and director of the Future Design Institute at the Kanazawa Institute of Technology, where he conducted research on neuroscience, robotics and conflict resolution.

Additional Resources:

PM Abe’s Floundering Pandemic Leadership. May 2020.
Safecast Reports on COVID-19 Pandemic

Episode 4: The Times (of London) Reporter Richard Lloyd Parry

Richard Lloyd Parry, Asia Editor for The Times (of London), discusses his work as a daily reporter covering issues in twenty-seven countries, focusing in particular on his reporting in Japan that led to the books “People Who Eat Darkness” and “Ghosts of the Tsunami.”

Guest:
Richard Lloyd Parry is the Asia editor of The Times (of London). He has reported from 29 countries, including Afghanistan, Iraq and North Korea, and has been named Foreign Correspondent of the Year. His books include People Who Eat Darkness and Ghosts of the Tsunami, about the 2011 Tohoku disasters in Japan, which won the 2017 Rathbones Folio Prize.

Additional Resources:
The School Beneath the Wave. August 2017.
ICAS lecture on “People Who Eat Darkness” from October 2011.

Episode 5: Former FEMA Emergency Management Specialist Leo Bosner on the U.S. Pandemic Response, Fukushima and Institutional Barriers to Functional Crisis Management

As the Watch Officer for the Federal Emergency Management Agency during the Katrina Hurricane in New Orleans, Leo Bosner worked on one of the most controversial natural disasters in American history. In this episode, he discusses his 29 year experience in different roles in FEMA, for which he worked the Oklahoma City domestic terrorist attack, hurricanes, floods and other disasters. Having come to Japan on a Mansfield Fellowship, Leo has consulted with Japanese prefectural and government ministries about lessons learned from the 2011 Tohoku disasters. Through the prism of his experience, he comments on the U.S. government response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Guest:
Leo Bosner worked for the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) from 1979 until 2008, where he helped plan and manage the response to disasters such as earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, and terrorist incidents. During his time with FEMA, Leo studied Japanese under the Mike Mansfield Fellowship Program and then lived in Tokyo for a year to study Japan’s disaster management system.

Since retiring from FEMA, Leo has continued his disaster research and lecturing in Japan as well as in Taiwan and South Korea. Leo was in Tokyo on the day of the March 11 triple disaster, and he returned to Japan in 2012 under a fellowship from the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science to study Japan’s response to the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. Currently, Leo is the Disaster Risk Reduction Officer for Place To Grow, a Tokyo-based nongovernment organization that helps support disaster recovery in Japan.

Additional Resources:
FEMA and Disaster – A Look at What Worked and What Didn’t From a FEMA Insider
Can Japan Respond Better to its Next Large Disaster? May 2012.
U.S. disaster expert sees 3/11 weaknesses laid bare in Kyushu. May 2016.

Episode 6: Nathaniel Smith on the Performative Subcultures of Japanese Punk Rock and Right-Wing Nationalists

Nathaniel Smith is a cultural anthropologist whose ethnographic research has taken him into the underground of the Punk Rock music scene in Japan and onto the streets with Japanese Uyoku-Dantai (Right-Wing Nationalists). In this episode, Kyle Cleveland talks with Nate about what these politicized deviant subcultures reveal about the larger mainstream culture against which they position themselves.

Guest:
Nathaniel Smith is a cultural anthropologist who researches political anthropology and nationalism, urban studies, and sound and visual anthropology. As an ethnographic researcher, he has worked the periphery of mainstream society, at the intersection of politics, deviant subcultures and radical social movements.

Episode 7: Journalist Martin Fackler on Reporting in Asia, and the changing landscape of media culture in an age of partisan politics

In over two decades reporting for media outlets in Asia, Martin Fackler covered stories in Japan, South Korea, Indonesia, Pakistan and China, and as the Tokyo Bureau Chief for The New York Times, was short-listed for the Pulitzer Prize in 2012 for his investigative reporting on the Fukushima Nuclear Crisis. In this webinar, Martin will share insights he derived while working a vast array of stories and events in Japan and Asia, and discuss how reporting has evolved to address issues that have increasingly become politically laden and divisive. As a reporter who has published in Japanese about differences between the Japanese domestic and international press, he brings a unique perspective to how media cultures– always attentive to the political interests that threaten to undermine their legitimacy –have positioned themselves as purveyors of factual truth in the marketplace of ideas.

Guest:
Martin Fackler has been a journalist in Asia for two decades, working most recently as Assistant Asia Editor at The New York Times managing the paper’s coverage of China. He was a correspondent at The New York Times for ten years, serving as Tokyo bureau chief from 2009 to 2015. In 2012, he was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in international reporting for investigative stories into the Fukushima nuclear disaster that the prize committee said offered a “powerful exploration of serious mistakes concealed by authorities in Japan.”

He got his start in journalism covering finance and crime for Bloomberg News, and worked in Shanghai, Beijing, Hong Kong and Tokyo for The Wall Street Journal, The Far Eastern Economic Review and The Associated Press. From 2015-17, he was Journalist-in-Residence at the Asia Pacific Initiative, a Tokyo-based think tank. Fackler is the author or co-author of eight books in Japanese, including the bestseller Credibility Lost: The Crisis in Japanese Newspaper Journalism after Fukushima (2012). In English, he was lead editor of Reinventing Japan: New Directions in Global Leadership (2018). He grew up in Georgia, and holds degrees from Dartmouth College, the University of Illinois and the University of California, Berkeley.

Episode 8: Gerald Jaynes and Ben Karp on the 2020 Presidential Election, Pandemic Politics and Spike Lee’s Film “Da 5 Bloods”

The Black Lives Matter movement has highlighted systemic racism in the US, becoming a world-wide movement that is fundamentally altering the way that social inequities and minority rights are being addressed. In this episode, Yale Professor Gerald Jaynes and Ben Karp discuss the impact this historic movement is having on American politics, bringing long-standing issues of racial justice and civil rights to the forefront for public debate and institutional reform. They also discuss Spike Lee’s film “Da 5 Bloods” from Dr. Jaynes’ perspective as a Vietnam Army veteran.

Guests:
Gerald Jaynes is a professor in the Department of Economics and also in the department of African American Studies at Yale University. He is the author of Branches Without Roots: Genesis of the Black Working Class in the American South, and the editor of A Common Destiny: Blacks and American Society. Professor Jaynes has served on numerous academic, public policy and editorial boards and has lectured at colleges and universities globally.

Olivier Benjamin Karp is an ICAS fellow and adjunct faculty member at Temple University Japan campus. Born in New York City and raised in Philadelphia, Ben Karp holds degrees in English, history and African American Studies from Goucher College and from Yale University. Professor Karp served as the finance chair of Senator Cory Booker’s first mayoral campaign in Newark, New Jersey. In Japan since 2002, he has published articles and been quoted in The Asahi Shimbun/International Herald Tribune, The Algemeiner, New York Times, Washington Post, The Jewish Forward, and The Daily Beast.

Additional Resources:
ICAS lecture on “Race and Realignment: How will the Democratic and Republican parties reformulate after 2016?” from December 2016.

Episode 9: Japanese Soft Power Politics with Nancy Snow

Propaganda scholar Nancy Snow discusses the politics of pandemic messaging and the diplomatic aspects of “Cool Japan” and soft-power brand nationalism.

Guest:
Nancy Snow
(https://nancysnow.com/) is a contributing writer to Nikkei Asian Review, a US professor emeritus of communications (Cal State Fullerton), and distinguished professor of public diplomacy at Kyoto Gaidai. She has been a visiting professor in China (Tsinghua), Israel (IDC-Herzliya), and Japan (Sophia/Keio). Dr. Snow has published thirteen books on media, politics, and diplomacy. Her current research interests are gender diplomacy and feminist reformulations of IR theory, including soft power, morals and foreign policy.

Episode 10: Managing Nuclear Memory: The Journey from Hiroshima to Fukushima

The anniversaries of the nuclear destruction of Hiroshima and Nagasaki serve as somber dedications to those who lost their lives in these tragic events. Such rituals of remembrance are inevitably selective about the aspects called up for reflection and can even encourage forgetting, by declaring the past as overcome and therefore, truly past. This webinar will explore the ways in which the 75th anniversary of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki mark not a tragic past now diminished by time, but the inception of an ongoing struggle to discern the meaning and continued significance of nuclear technologies in the world we inhabit today, as it defines state power and continues to threaten mass destruction on a scale that far exceeds that visited upon Japanese cities in WW II.

Our commemoration of the 75th anniversaries of the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki is marked by the disruption and uncertainty that COVID-19 has brought into all of our lives. While attempts to sanitize perceptions of the radiological disaster in Fukushima through Olympic spectacle were subverted by the pandemic, this management of perceptions around nuclear issues has, since Hiroshima and Nagasaki, been a primary feature of how we imagine the world riven by pending nuclear conflict and the long-term effects of the byproducts of nuclear energy. From the rhetoric of “Atoms for Peace,” which attempted to demarcate an imaginary line between nuclear power and nuclear weapons, to the dismissal of harm to those exposed to radiation from nuclear testing, production and accidents, the nuclear gambit has always been veiled behind a rhetoric that justifies, at any cost, its continued existence.

In this 75th year since the atomic bomb forever altered the destiny of Japan and set the world on a nuclear path – the 1st time that public commemorations will not be staged due to the viral pandemic – this webinar will take a hard look at how we experience and remember nuclear disasters, and what we can learn from this history to better understand where we came from and where we are going, and how we can best care for one another along the journey.

Norma Field, professor emerita of the University of Chicago, began her career at the Department of East Asian Languages & Civilizations as a scholar of classical Japanese literature (The Splendor of Longing in the Tale of Genji, 1987). In the Realm of a Dying Emperor: Japan at Century’s End, 1991) is her first political-cultural publication. Subsequent work on modern Japanese leftist literature in Japanese and English (For Dignity, Justice, and Revolution: An Anthology of Japanese Proletarian Literature, 2016) has shaped her current project, on the Fukushima nuclear disaster.

She is editor and co-translater of Fukushima Radiation: Will You Still Say No Crime Has Been Committed? Her most recent articles/translations are The Fukushima Nuclear Disaster and the Tokyo Olympics (Koide Hiroaki) and This Will Still Be True Tomorrow: “Fukushima Ain’t Got the Time for Olympic Games (Muto Ruiko). With Yuki Miyamoto, she maintains the Atomic Age website.

Robert (Bo) Jacobs is a Professor at the Hiroshima Peace Institute and the Graduate School of Peace Studies of Hiroshima City University. He is a historian of nuclear technologies and radiation technopolitics. Jacobs is the author of The Dragon’s Tail: Americans Face the Atomic Age (2010), (also available in a Japanese translation published by Gaifusha in 2013), and the editor of Filling the Hole in the Nuclear Future: Art and Popular Culture Respond to the Bomb (2010). He is the co-editor of Images of Rupture in Civilization Between East and West: The Iconography of Auschwitz and Hiroshima in Eastern European Arts and Media (2016), and Reimagining Hiroshima and Nagasaki: Nuclear Humanities in the Post-Cold War (2017). He co-edited a special issue of the journal Critical Military Studies “Re-Imagining Hiroshima” (summer 2015), and co-edited a special issue of the Asian Journal of Peacebuilding on peace education. His curated exhibition of Cold War material culture artifacts Nuke York, New York (2011-12) has been installed at museums and galleries in the United States. Jacobs has published and lectured widely on nuclear issues around the world. His most recent journal article is “Born Violent: The Origins of Nuclear Power,” (2019) and his monograph, Nuclear Bodies: The Cold War as a Limited Nuclear War, is under contract with Yale University Press and will be released in 2021.

Beginning in 2010 Jacobs co-founded the Global Hibakusha Project with Mick Broderick. The project conducts field research at radiation affected sites and in radiation affected communities around the world. Research has been conducted at most nuclear test sites, and many sites of nuclear production and nuclear accidents. Oral histories have been gathered among indigenous communities, downwinders, atomic soldiers, nuclear workers, technical and scientific cohorts. The Global Hibakusha Project has held two workshops training college aged youth from hibakusha communities in technics of gathering oral histories so that such historical records could be gathered in indigenous languages within communities and reach participants that would be invisible to outside researchers. The first workshop involved participants from Kazakhstan, the Marshall Islands and Hiroshima, and was held on Majuro Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands during the 60th anniversary of the Bravo Test in 2014. The second included participants from the Yalata community of South Australia, Hiroshima and Nagasaki and was held in Hiroshima in 2015.

He received his bachelor’s degree at the University of Minnesota and both his master’s and doctorate at the University of Illinois. In a previous life Jacobs worked as a chef, and in the organic produce industry in his native United States. He is the father of four and the grandfather of two.

Yuki Miyamoto (PhD in Ethics, from the Divinity School at the University of Chicago) teaches courses on nuclear ethics and environmental ethics at DePaul University. Her works include the monogram Beyond the Mushroom Cloud: Commemoration, Religion, and Responsibility after Hiroshima (Fordham University Press, 2011), and articles (“In the Light of Hiroshima: Banalizing Violence and Normalizing Experiences of the Atomic Bombing,” and “Gendered Bodies in Tokusatsu: Reproduction and Representation of the Atomic Bomb Victims”). Her most recent publication examines the nuclear discourse in the US, Naze genbaku ga aku de nainoka (Iwanami shoten, 2020). With Dr. Norma Field (Professor Emerita of the University of Chicago), she has managed a website The Atomic Age and has organized five Atomic Age symposia. She has led seven study-abroad programs, bringing DePaul students to Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Episode 11: Plastics, Climate Change and the Future of the Environment in Japan (with Hanae Takahashi and Gina Anderson)

Japan has been criticized for not taking strong enough measures to act against climate change. The prevalence of single-use plastics is one example, as is the reliance on coal power. In this episode, Hanae Takahashi, Friends of Earth Japan, and Gina Anderson, Sustainability Expert, discuss Japan’s recently enacted plastic bag ban, use of coal power and policy of exporting coal technology. Bridging their experiences in the nonprofit and corporate sectors, this is an insightful conversation on Japanese sustainability initiatives in a global context.

Guest host:
Gina Anderson
has worked on environmental and sustainability issues for over 10 years, first focusing on European environmental and waste policy, then working with companies and international financing organizations on corporate social responsibility strategy and reporting, as well as environmental, social and governance issues. She currently works as an Environment and Sustainability Expert at LendLease Japan, where she focuses on green building issues. She has previously taught a “Sustainable Environments” course at Temple University, Japan Campus.

Guest:
Hanae Takahashi
is a campaigner of climate change and energy at Friends of the Earth (FoE) Japan. She has been engaged in organizing anti-coal power movements in Yokosuka as well as following UNFCCC negotiations from a climate justice perspective since 2018.

Friends of the Earth (FoE) Japan is a member of Friends of the Earth (FoE) International, an NGO focused on international environmental justice. It has been active in Japan since 1980. Its activities cover climate change and energy, forests and biodiversity, development finance and the environment, support for Fukushima and nuclear phase-out, and more. The ultimate goal is to create a world in which all people may live peacefully and equitably.

Episode 12: COVID-19 in Japan: The Clinical Response with Sachiko Ozone and Sachiko Horiguchi

This episode was recorded on June 25th, 2020.
This episode examines the Japanese medical establishment’s local-level responses to the COVID-19 crisis, based on an ongoing ethnographic project conducted by a team of medical professionals and anthropologists, who are collaborating to study how Japanese doctors and clinicians are addressing the crisis.  Temple University Japan anthropology professor Sachiko Horiguchi and Sachiko Ozone, a professor of medicine and primary care at Tsukuba university, discuss how Japanese doctors’ relations to their patients provide them with a more deeply informed basis for assessment, and relate how working clinicians, rather than relying on government advisories, consult with one another in their professional networks to develop a nuanced response to address this unprecedented health crisis.

Guests:
Sachiko Horiguchi is Associate Professor of Anthropology at Temple University, Japan Campus. Her research interests are in the social and medical anthropology of Japan, with a particular focus on youth mental health issues, education, and emerging multiculturalism in contemporary Japan. She has also been involved in medical anthropology education for medical professionals (especially those in primary care).

Sachiko Ozone is Assistant Professor of General Medicine and Primary Care at the Department of Family Medicine, General Practice and Community Health, the University of Tsukuba. As a family physician and general practitioner, she practices medicine in a local family clinic and the university hospital, where she teaches students in clinical clerkship.

Research Project Team Members:
Ryohei Goto (University of Tsukuba)
Yusuke Hama (Tokyo College of Transport Studies)
Junji Haruta (Keio University)
Sachiko Horiguchi (Temple University Japan Campus)
Junko Iida (Kawasaki University of Medical Welfare)
Makoto Kaneko (Yokohama City University)
Shuhei Kimura (University of Tsukuba)
Junichiro Miyachi (Azai-higashi Clinic; Hokkaido Centre for Family Medicine/Nagoya University)
Sachiko Ozone (University of Tsukuba)
Junko Teruyama (University of Tsukuba)

Episode 13: The Surveillance State, Cybersecurity, and Individual Freedom with Dave Maass

With rising public protests reflecting the partisan political divide, criminal justice in the U.S. has become increasingly militarized, with public surveillance, racial profiling and invasive tactics posing a growing challenge to democratic principles. In this episode, Dave Maass, Director of Investigations at the Electronic Frontier Foundation (and Temple University Japan alumnus), discusses his insights into the intersection between American civil liberties and a technologically advancing police state.

Guest:
Dave Maass
is Director of Investigations at the Electronic Frontier Foundation, an international NGO based in San Francisco that advocates for civil liberties in the digital age. His work focuses on the intersection of the criminal justice system, freedom of information, and technology, such as police databases and prisoner access to the internet. He directs the Atlas of Surveillance project–an effort to create the largest database of police technology–in partnership with University of Nevada, Reno Reynolds School of Journalism, where he is also the Reynolds Visiting Professor of Media Technology. Dave completed his undergraduate at Temple University Japan at the turn of the millennium, and then went on to work as an investigative journalist at alternative newspapers across the American Southwest. He has spent much of the pandemic spray painting digital walls in virtual reality graffiti simulator.

Episode 14: Sociologist Troy Duster on U.S. Racial Politics

Eminent sociologist Troy Duster joins Kyle Cleveland to discuss the state of U.S. racial politics in the midst of the 2020 Black Lives Matter movement protests and initiatives to reconsider the meaning of symbols of the Confederacy in the public arena (related, see: “What to do with a Man on Horseback” in The Chronicle of Higher Education, August 2017:  https://www.chronicle.com/article/what-to-do-with-a-man-on-horseback/

Relating his experience as a young scholar at U.C. Berkeley at the height of the civil rights movement in the 1960s, Professor Duster discusses his groundbreaking work on the scientific status of the “race” concept, and its legacies in contemporary efforts to demarcate racial categories using DNA testing. A former President of the American Sociological Association, Dr. Duster’s scope of expertise, his authoritative knowledge and groundbreaking work has established him as one of the most influential social scientists of the modern era.  His timely and historically contextualized insights into the racially laden issues that have roiled the body politic in the age of conservative reactionary nationalism offers an important perspective through which to understand this historical moment in American politics and race relations.

Guest:
Distinguished sociologist Troy Duster is Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley. At Berkeley, he was founder and director of the Institute for the Study of Social Change, and was director of Berkeley’s path-breaking Diversity Project; and authored a major report on the effects of a generation of affirmative action. In countless committees and behind-the-scenes negotiations, he has been an indefatigable advocate for opening up higher education to those historically excluded. He also served as Chair of the Board of Directors of the Association of American Colleges and Universities, and was principal author of ASA’s 2003 official statement on race. His book “Backdoor to Eugenics” (1990) and other works on the concept of “race” as being inscribed in biological categories are considered to landmark achievements in the social sciences, and his work is widely celebrated. He is a former President of the American Sociological Association (2004-2005), and has been editor of Theory and Society, Sociological Inquiry, Contemporary Sociology, The American Sociologist, and is the recipient of an honorary Doctor of Letters from Williams college, and the Du-Bois-Johnson-Frazier Award from the American Sociological Association. He has published widely in the sociology of law, science, deviance, inequality, race, and education.

His grandmother was Ida. B. Wells, a former enslaved person who was one of the founding members of the National Association of Colored People, and the National Afro-American Council. A prominent writer, speaker and public intellectual, Ida B. Wells was an influential member of the first generation of writers who invented the field of investigative journalism. Her writings on racialized violence (lynching) brought public attention to this issue, and she was chair of the NAACP’s Anti-Lynching Bureau. With his siblings, Troy Duster established the Ida B. Wells Foundation to give awards to journalists and researchers working in Wells’s tradition of writing and speaking out for civil rights, civil liberties, and social justice.

(Source: this material is derived from Troy Duster’s official ASA profile on the occasion of him being named the President of the American Sociological Association)

Episode 15: Motoko Rich, New York Times Tokyo Bureau Chief, on Journalistic Principles and Culture Norms

As the Tokyo Bureau Chief for The New York Times, Motoko Rich is one of the senior reporters for “the paper of record” in Asia. Covering virtually every event of significance in Japan, her reporting varies widely from state-level politics to the most significant political events of this era, including the impact that the COVID-19 crisis has had on Japan, the development of the Black Lives Movement as it has become a world-wide phenomenon and established a presence in Japan, and a critical coverage of the sexual/gender politics in a country that has given scant attention to issues of gender and racial diversity.  As the first women to hold the position of NYT bureau chief, she brings a unique perspective to her reporting on gender politics, negotiating the institutional barriers and ideological biases that have characterized Japan’s policies toward gender equity.  With the viability of the 2020 (and 2021) Olympics in question due to the impact of the COVID pandemic, she has done closely studied reporting on the structure of Japanese bureaucracies and has brought a perspective unique to journalism in Japan. In this conversation, she discusses issues related to maintaining a measure of objectivity to her work, while being empathetic to Japanese perspectives and values, giving voice to those whose views are often not represented in Japanese journalism.

Guest:
Motoko Rich
is Tokyo bureau chief for The New York Times. She has been a reporter with The Times since 2003, and has covered a broad range of beats, including real estate (during a boom), the economy (during a bust), books and education.

She started her journalism career at The Financial Times in London and worked at The Wall Street Journal for six years in Atlanta and New York. Ms. Rich, who grew up in New Jersey, Tokyo and Northern California, is a graduate of Yale University and Cambridge University.

Episode 16: Kathy Pike and Tia Powell on medical ethics, critical care, and mental health issues in the COVID-19 Pandemic

Guests:
Kathleen M. Pike, PhD is Professor of Psychology at CUIMC. She serves as Chair of the Faculty Steering Committee for the Global Mental Health Programs, Director of the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Capacity Building and Training in Global Mental Health at Columbia University, and Deputy Director of the Health and Aging Policy Fellows Program. She is also Senior Supervising Psychologist in the Center for Eating Disorders at CUIMC. Dr. Pike has been involved with global initiatives focused on mental health, education, and women’s health throughout her career. She has held academic and administrative university appointments in Japan where she served as Professor of Psychology and Associate Dean for Research at Temple University Japan and Visiting Professor at Keio University. She serves as Vice Chair of the Advisory Board for the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and is a Trustee of the Jewish Board (the largest non-profit mental health and social service provider in New York State) and the International Rescue Committee.

Dr. Tia Powell directs the Center for Bioethics and Masters’ in Bioethics at Montefiore Health and Albert Einstein College of Medicine. She holds the Shoshanah Trachtenberg Frackman chair in biomedical ethics and is Professor of Epidemiology and Psychiatry. Her bioethics scholarship focuses on dementia, public health policy and disaster response, end of life care, and bioethics education. She was formerly Executive Director of the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law, the state bioethics commission. She has worked with the National Academies of Medicine on many projects, and served as an advisor to the CDC, and Health and Human Services and its National Alzheimer’s Project Act. She is a board-certified psychiatrist and Fellow of the New York Academy of Medicine, the American Psychiatric Association and The Hastings Center.

Episode 17: The 2020 Election and the Future of American Democracy

The 2020 U.S. Election was a momentous event, for the U.S. and for the world.  This panel of experts will dissect the outcomes, identify the key trends, and explore what the election means for our collective future.  Will the end of Trump mean the end of Trumpism?  What did the election tell us about the right to vote in the U.S., and how the problems of electoral administration contributed to voter suppression and de-legitimation?  As the electorate shifted to mail balloting, what explains the persistence of patterns of racial and class bias in who voted and why?  According to U.S. law enforcement agencies, the threat of electoral violence was real: what happened?  And what about the role of litigation and the courts in this election?  Are we seeing a politicization of the judiciary and a conservative roll-back of voting rights won by the great social protest movements of the past?

Lorraine C. Minnite
Associate professor of Public Policy, Rutgers University-Camden
Lorraine C. Minnite is a policy-focused political scientist with expertise in American and urban politics and policy. She specializes in the study of inequality and how it is dealt with by the American political system, teaching courses on political participation, poverty, community development, urban politics, and policy analysis. With her expertise on voter fraud, she has testified before Congress, advised government agencies, been invited to speak to state elections officials about her research, and participated as an expert witness in high profile legal challenges to new voter identification rules adopted in a number of states. She is the author and co-author of two books on electoral rules and racial and class politics in the U.S., The Myth of Voter Fraud and Keeping Down the Black Vote: Race and the Demobilization of American Voters, co-authored with Frances Fox Piven and Margaret Groarke.

Frances Fox Piven
Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Sociology Emerita, City University of New York
Frances Fox Piven is Distinguished Professor Emerita of Political Science and Sociology at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. Her authored or co-authored books include Regulating the Poor: The Functions of Public Welfare; Poor People’s Movements: Why they Succeed and Why They Fail; Why American’s Don’t Vote; and Who’s Afraid of Frances Fox Piven. She is a former president of the American Sociological Society, The Society for the Study of Social Problems, and a former vice president of the American Political Science Association.

Sarajean Rossitto
Instructor and Independent Consultant, Temple University Japan Campus
Sarajean Rossitto has worked with nonprofit NGOs in Japan for over 20 years. She has conducted skill-based trainings, and coordinated programs on themes as varied as humanitarian response, rights of PWDs and HIV/AIDS in Japan. She has assisted corporations develop effective community engagement, CSR and philanthropy programs. Sarajean has also represented US organizations in Japan and has taught courses on social movements, civil society and conflict mediation at Sophia University and Temple University Japan Campus. She is an Advisor for Japanese organizations such as The Asian Rural Institute, A Place to Grow and Mirai no Mori. She holds a Columbia University Masters of International Affairs degree with a focus on human rights in East Asia. Website: https://sarajeanrossitto.wordpress.com/

Magali Sarfatti Larson (moderator)
Professor of Sociology Emerita, Temple University
Magali Sarfatti Larson is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Temple University and was Distinguished Professor at the University of Urbino in Italy. She has written extensively on development in Latin America and on the sociology of the professions, especially architecture. The Rise of Professionalism. Behind the Post-Modern Façade: Architectural Change in Late Twentieth Century America represents her view of how sociology can best approach cultural change. She is particularly interested now in political culture. Recent work includes “The Resistible Rise of Sarah Palin: Continuity and Paradox in the American Right Wing,” (with Douglas Porpora) Sociological Forum; “Looking Back and a Little Forward: Reflections on Professionalism and Teaching as a Profession,”; “Radical Teacher,”; “Practice and Education in 21st Century Architecture: A Sociologist’s view” in Fernando Lara and Sonia Marques, eds. Quid Novi? Dilemas do ensino de arquitetura no seculo; nhamericapress and “Professions today: self-criticism and reflections for the future” in Sociologia, Problemas e Praticas. A long-time advocate of Latino voting rights, Dr. Larson worked in various pro-immigrant and Hispanic organizations and was very active in five campaigns in Hispanic wards in Philadelphia. She is now working with the volunteer group MiFu (Mi voto, mi Futuro) to mobilize the vote and empower diverse representation by phone, leaflet and text.

Episode 18: Civil Society and the 3/11 Virtuous Cycle

The occasion of the ten year anniversary of what befell Japan in the 2011 Tohoku disasters has led us to contemplate the meaning of these events for Japan and how we think of such culture defining events. With a decade now separating us from the dramatic events of March 11 and its immediate aftermath, we now are at a point where we can examine the disaster trajectory as it has played out over time, as survivors have attempted to cultivate the resiliency necessary to forge ahead to rebuild their communities.

This panel brings together leaders who have worked closely with NGO and civil society organizations to help communities to address the many challenges they face to rebuild – the economic burdens they have had to overcome, the ever-present threat of radiation exposure close in to the nuclear hot zone, and the psychological weight of moving forward into an uncertain future. Each of the panelists bring a wealth of knowledge based on first-hand experience working in the disaster zone, and can relate the views of citizens they have helped support and collaborated with in long process of recovery. This discussion will not only be a historical remembrance and reflection on what has unfolded in the long trajectory of the disaster aftermath, but an occasion for these experts to dialogue on lessons-learned, and share their vision of how the communities most affected by the tragic events of 3/11 can effectively move forward as they establish a new, post-disaster identity.

Sarajean Rossitto
Instructor and Independent Consultant, Temple University Japan Campus
Sarajean Rossitto has worked with nonprofit NGOs in Japan for over 20 years. She has conducted skill-based trainings, and coordinated programs on themes as varied as humanitarian response, rights of PWDs and HIV/AIDS in Japan. She has assisted corporations in developing effective community engagement, CSR and philanthropy programs. Sarajean has also represented US organizations in Japan and has taught courses on social movements, civil society and conflict mediation at Sophia University and Temple University Japan Campus. She is an Advisor for Japanese organizations such as The Asian Rural Institute, A Place to Grow and Mirai no Mori. She holds a Columbia University Masters of International Affairs degree with a focus on human rights in East Asia.
Website: https://sarajeanrossitto.wordpress.com/

Angela Marie Ortiz
Representative Director for non-profit O.G.A. for Aid
Angela Marie Ortiz is a Colombian American multinational, long-term resident of Japan, with over 30+ years living in rural Japan and Tokyo. She is a social impact entrepreneur, CSR professional, author and fitness enthusiast. Her career began as an early childhood educator in Tokyo in 2005. She transitioned into social impact after the 2011 earthquake and tsunami disasters of northeast Japan where she established her own company, Place To Grow – a community building nonprofit using fitness and language exchange to Inspire and connect children in the rural province of Tohoku. In 2016 she moved into the corporate sector, supporting companies like H&M and adidas Japan launch and grow social and environmental sustainability programs. She supports with project management, impact marketing, cross sector stakeholder engagement & partnership development. She also has a wealth of experience in public speaking.

Kayleigh Ward
Dual Doctoral Candidate in Sociology and Environmental Science & Policy, Michigan State University
Kayleigh Ward has worked with NPOs in Japan since 2014 and continues to support disaster affected communities in Japan by studying their social networks and relationships, by providing consultation on common rural problems, and by providing other information or resources. Her interests focus mainly on community development and sustainability in post-disaster communities, especially in Miyagi, Japan after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. She focuses on the intersection of disaster and environmental, social, political, and economic problems. She has several years of experience with NGOs in Japan and in the US. She currently collaborates with NGOs in the following areas: community sustainability and redevelopment, economic empowerment, and community organizing. She is a dual doctoral candidate in Sociology and Environmental Science & Policy at Michigan State University. Last year she was a Fulbright-Japan Graduate Research Fellow.

Episode 19: Karen Hill Anton | The View From Breast Pocket Mountain: A Memoir

Karen Hill Anton joins Ben Karp and Kyle Cleveland in conversation about her recently published “The View from Breast Pocket Mountain: A Memoir,” which relates her life trajectory and unique experience of having lived in a rural area of Tenryū, Shizuoka since 1975. Karen was a member of the TUJ Board of Governors for many years, and has served as consultant on internationalization for Prime Ministers Obuchi and Hashimoto, and for Citibank, HSBC, Deutsche Bank, Eli Lilly, Pfizer, Baxter, Shinsei Bank, JP Morgan, McKinsey and BNP Paribas.

Karen Hill Anton wrote the popular columns “Crossing Cultures” for The Japan Times and “Another Look” for Chunichi Shimbun. She is a cross-cultural competence consultant and coach. Karen lectures widely on her experience of cross-cultural adaptation and raising four bilingual, bicultural children, and served on the internationalization advisory councils of Prime Ministers Obuchi and Hashimoto. Her work appears in The Broken Bridge: Fiction from Expatriates in Literary Japan (Stone Bridge Press). Originally from New York City, she’s achieved second-degree mastery in Japanese calligraphy, and has lived with her husband William Anton in rural Shizuoka since 1975. KarenHillAnton.com

Episode 20: August 1945 in the Asia-Pacific Theater: From Total War to Nuclear War

The year 1945 was probably the worst year of the war. Millions of lives were lost in the Götterdämmerung that was the downfall of the Axis. These were not just military deaths. For the first time in the history of modern warfare, the deaths of civilians exceeded those of soldiers. The culmination of the ever-increasing brutality of WWII was in the two nuclear bombs that exploded over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. But the slaughter started much earlier, with civilians targeted in Nanjing, Warsaw, London, Manila, Hamburg, Tokyo, and many other places. Both the Allies and the Axis targeted non-combatants as a deliberate policy, abandoning earlier efforts to only strike military targets. In Japan, the United States Army Air Force burned whole cities in an effort to “break Japanese morale” with the use of the new and destructive weapons like napalm. At the same time, Japanese atrocities on the continent were continuing right up to and beyond the official end of the war. Why did governments that had previously decried the mass slaughter of civilians as “barbaric” now target them with ever-increasing killing power?

In our round table, we look at the problem of atrocities through the lens of imperialism, total war, and mass mobilization. Treating the American nuclear attacks of August 1945 as part of a continuum, we examine the development of mass atrocities, bombing strategies, psychological warfare, and the mobilization of the whole society. We examine both the longer history and postwar ramifications of these events, as governments continued to put non-combatants to work for the purposes of waging war, arguably making them legitimate targets in the age of “mutually assured destruction”.

Aaron William Moore is the Handa Chair of Japanese-Chinese Relations at the University of Edinburgh. He received his PhD from Princeton University in 2006 and held post-doctoral positions at Harvard and Oxford University. In 2010 he was appointed as a lecturer in the History Department at the University of Manchester, where he primarily taught modern Chinese history for seven years and was made Senior Lecturer. He has presented his research as invited lecturer, keynote speaker, and chair around the world, especially in Britain and continental Europe, North America, and East Asia. He is the author of many articles on Chinese and Japanese wartime childhood and youth, as well as two books: Writing War (2013, Harvard), which analysed over 200 combat soldiers’ diaries from China, Japan, and the United States, and Bombing the City (2018, Cambridge), which compared the air raid experiences of civilians in British and Japanese regional cities. In addition to the history of early East Asian science fiction, he is currently working on a book about the global experiences of wartime youth entitled, What Can Be Said, a translation volume of works by the critical theorist Hirabayashi Hatsunosuke, and an edited volume on the early history of the People’s Republic of China, entitled How Maoism Was Made (Oxford, forthcoming). In 2014 he was awarded the Leverhulme Prize for his work on transnational and comparative history. Website: https://www.ed.ac.uk/profile/professor-aaron-william-moore

Sayaka Chatani is Assistant Professor and Presidential Young Professor at the Department of History, the National University of Singapore. She specializes in social history of Japanese imperialism, particularly in youth mobilization in the colonies. She is the author of Nation-Empire: Ideology and Rural Youth Mobilization in Japan and Its Colonies (Cornell University Press, 2018; a recipient of Choice Outstanding Academic Title Award). Her articles on Japanese imperialism and youth as well as zainichi Koreans have appeared in the American Historical Review, the Journal of Asian Studies, and Comparative Studies in Society and History, among others. Website: https://www.sayakachatani.com/

Ran Zwigenberg is Associate Professor at Pennsylvania State University. His research focuses on modern Japanese and European history, with a specialization in memory and heritage history. He has taught and lectured in the United States, Europe, Israel, and Japan, and published on issues of war memory, heritage, atomic energy, psychiatry, and survivor politics.  Zwigenberg’s first book, Hiroshima: The Origins of Global Memory Culture (Cambridge University Press, 2014), was the winner of the 2016 Association for Asian Studies’ John W. Hall book award. His second, co-authored book, Japan’s Castles: Citadels of Modernity in War and Peace, came out with Cambridge University Press in 2019. He is currently working on a manuscript on the reaction of psychiatry and its allied professions to the A-bomb. Website: https://history.la.psu.edu/directory/ruz12